Buffalo Bulletin Vol.24 No.2 (June 2005 ) p. 24






M.D. Kulkarni, A.S. Kadam,  A.V. Khanvilkar,  and O.N. Ladukar

Krantisinha Nana Patil College of Veterinary Science, Shirwal, Dist-Satara (Maharashtra State) 412 801, India



    Varicose vein is a condition in which veins are markedly dilated as well as elongated to follow an irregular tortuous course to accommodate their excess length. Incidence of varicose veins in animals is low, as compared to human beings. In ruminants mostly lower limb veins are involved; however, the radial, cephalic, saphenous, mammary, scrotal and coccygeal vein involving inferior aspect of the trunk is also observed in cattle and buffaloes (Tyagi and Jit Singh, 2001), while distended metatarsal vein in horse is known as “blood spavin” and incidence is fairly often recorded (O’connor, 2001). Vein varicosis may either be congenital or acquired in origin due to repeated vascular trauma resulting in thinning of the vessel wall.


A case history :  The present case of vein varicosis was recorded during the visit of the college purchase committee of Pandharpuri buffalo at Pandharpuri market on dated  December 20, 2003. The buffalo belonging to a farmer named Mr. Dilip Ramchandra of Godse Village Kasegaon, Tal, Padharpur,          Dist-Solapur was found to be suffering from vein varicosis (Figures 1 and 2) of the coccygeal vein. Affer anamnesis it can be concluded that condition was due to dilatation of the vein due to trauma and proximal occlusion or insufficiency of the valves as a sequel to arteriovenous fistulaor shunt. The coceygeal vein became engorged with blood due to poor venous drainage and loss of elasticity, became dilated, became tortuous and elongated resulting ultimately in ischaemia, hypoxia, malnutrition. In this case there was alopesia, preliminary stage of necrosis and gangrene with tail hairs at the end.


    The extensive swelling of the varicose vein was treated by compression with bandage, firing and legation of vein above and below the swelling by the local livestock development officer without  success but leading to exaggeration of the lesion. But obliteration with quinine hydrochloride and urethane or excising the vein with drainage of the contents was not tried due possibility of extensive hemorrhage and shock in the animal.




A unique case of varicose vein in Pandharpuri buffalo is put up on the record for academic and field veterinarians as the condition is very rare in animals and particularly in buffaloes.



J.J. O’ Connor (2001). Dollar’s Veterinary Surgery, 4th ed. CBS Publishers, New Delhi, pp. 94-95.


Tyagi, R.P.S. and Jit Singh (2001). Ruminant  Surgery, CBS publishers, New Delhi, pp.259